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Malacca (MalayMelakaTamilமலாக்காsimplified Chinese马六甲traditional Chinese馬六甲) dubbed "The Historic State",[citation needed] is a state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca.

The state is bordered by Negeri Sembilan to the north and west and Johor to the south. The exclave of Cape Rachado also borders Negeri Sembilan to the north. Its capital is Malacca City, which is 148 kilometres (92 miles) south east of Malaysia's capital city Kuala Lumpur, 235 kilometres (146 miles) north west of Johor's largest city Johor Bahru, and 95 km (59 miles) north west of Johor's second largest city, Batu Pahat. This historical city centre has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008.

Although it was the location of one of the earliest Malay sultanates, the local monarchy was abolished when the Portuguese conquered it in 1511. The head of state is the Yang di-Pertua Negeri or Governor, rather than a Sultan.

Tourism is a booming industry in Malacca. It is a popular travel destinations for Singaporeans during the weekends. Malacca has adopted as its slogan, "Visiting Malacca Means Visiting Malaysia" ("Melawat Melaka Bererti Melawati Malaysia").

Tourist visitors to Malacca in 2014 was 15.4 million people, with 26% were foreign tourists.[60] In 2011, top five foreign tourists coming to Malacca were from Mainland China (222,999 people), Singapore (185,277 people), Indonesia(168,190 people), Taiwan (108,128 people) and Hong Kong (57,241 people).[61]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Malacca has numerous historical places and buildings. In order to preserve those sites, numerous museums have been built to preserve those legacies. Most of the museums in the state are managed by Malacca Museum Corporation (PERZIM; MalayPerbadanan Muzium Melaka).[62] Museums in Malacca are Aborigines MuseumAgricultural MuseumMalacca Al-Quran MuseumBaba Nyonya Heritage MuseumBeauty MuseumCheng Ho Cultural MuseumChitty MuseumCustoms Department MuseumDemocratic Government MuseumEducation MuseumMalacca Forestry MuseumGovernor's MuseumHistory and Ethnography MuseumMalacca Islamic MuseumMalacca Kite MuseumMalacca Literature MuseumMalacca Sultanate Palace MuseumMalay and Islamic World MuseumMalaysia Architecture MuseumMaritime MuseumNavy MuseumPeople's MuseumPrison MuseumPulau Besar MuseumStamp MuseumStraits Chinese Jewellery MuseumSubmarine MuseumToy MuseumTradition and Custom MuseumUMNO MuseumWorld's Bees Museum and Youth Museum.

The other historical buildings and structures are A FamosaAlor Gajah British GraveyardBastion MiddleburgDutch GraveyardHang Jebat MausoleumHang Kasturi MausoleumHang Li Poh's WellHang Tuah MausoleumHang Tuah's WellMalacca LightMalacca Warrior MonumentPortuguese WellProclamation of Independence MemorialRuins of Saint Paul's ChurchSaint John's FortStadthuysTun Abdul Ghafar Baba Memorial and Tun Teja Mausoleum.

There are also galleries displaying various aspects of life in Malacca, which include, Chief Minister’s GalleryDemang Abdul Ghani GalleryFolks Art GalleryMalacca GalleryGallery of Admiral Cheng HoMacau GalleryMalacca Art Gallery and Malacca House.

Theme parks, education centres, resorts and zoos in Malacca are A' Famosa ResortAl-Khawarizmi Astronomy ComplexMalacca Bird ParkMalacca Butterfly and Reptile SanctuaryMalacca Crocodile FarmMalacca PlanetariumMalacca WonderlandMalacca ZooMini Malaysia and ASEAN Cultural Park, Pirate Park and Taming Sari Tower.

Coastal side of Malacca

Malacca has natural-related tourist sites, such as Ayer Keroh LakeBukit Batu Lebah Recreational ForestCape RachadoGarden of Thousand FlowersKlebang BeachMalacca Botanical GardenMalacca River, Malacca Tropical Fruit Farm, Paya Laut Linggi Recreational ForestPengkalan Balak BeachPuteri BeachSaint Paul's Hill and Sungai Udang Recreational Forest. Malacca has also hot springs, namely Gadek Hot Spring and Jasin Hot Spring.

Malacca is a multi-religious society, therefore various worshiping places can be found around the state, namely Cheng Hoon Teng TempleChinese MosqueChrist ChurchKampung Hulu MosqueKampung Kling MosquePoh San Teng TempleSaint Francis Xavier ChurchSaint Peter's ChurchStraits MosqueSri Poyatha Moorthi TempleState Mosque and Tranquerah Mosque.

Public squares in Malacca are 1Malaysia SquareAlor Gajah SquareAyer Keroh Square and Jasin Square.

Some famous night markets can be found along Jonker Walk in Chinatown during weekends evening and along Puteri Beach in Tanjung Kling. In total, there are around 87 night markets around Malacca.[63] During the Islamic fasting month, special night markets are opened along many major roads throughout the month.[64]

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Koperasi, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor, No 12-1, Jalan Seri Putra 1/5, Bandar Seri Putra, 43000 Kajang Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia


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